Category Archives: Civilization & Culture

Method and Speculation in Hegel's Phenomenology

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With respect to this issue, Chile continues to be divided into two fronts, with supporters and opponents of the former dictator constantly accusing each other of being "anti-patriotic" and of not defending the real interests of the nation. Mayan cities both cooperated and competed with one another. Your mind will sometimes shudder when evil thoughts enter your mind. My dear young Monsieur, I could never tell when she would fling over her pretended sweetness and put her tongue out at me.
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Perspectives from the Past: Primary Sources in Western

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Pottery was in use by the 6th millennium BC. These paintings are the forerunners of the frescos of a later age which are seen at Ajanta, Ellora and elsewhere in India. It is more difficult to establish the causes of the decline of civilizations than to trace the reasons for their rise. I, of course, could not share his consternation. Subsequently Ionian influence is evident and Ionian craftsmen even worked in Etruria.
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Making Of A Frontier: Five Years' Experiences & Adventures

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I suppose Allgre lost his temper altogether then; or perhaps he only wanted to pay my mother out, for all these `Masters she had been throwing at his head for the last two hours. Serfdom la rgely replaced slavery in Europe by about 1000, but was still a form of forced servitude .� By 1434, the first captured Africans to use as slaves were delivered to Lisbon .� The sitting pope officially approved of enslaving non-Christians in 1452, and one of humanity�s greatest disasters began.� Portugal dominated the transatlantic slave trade for more than three centuries.� The other Portuguese commercial obsession, before they seized the spice trade, beginning in 1500, was gold.� African gold began pouring into Lisbon when the slaves did, and the Portuguese began minting gold coins in 1452.� The p ursuit of slaves and gold characterized Portuguese and Spanish efforts in the Western Hemisphere during the 16th century, which caused history�s greatest demographic catastrophe: most of a hemisphere�s population died off within a century .� Life was also cheap in the imperial nations.� The average mortality rate for the crew during the centuries that Portugal used its spice route was about 25% per voyage .� Scurvy was the primary cause, and Europe ignored the cures for centuries.
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After Tamerlane: The Rise and Fall of Global Empires,

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Edmund Morgan writes, in his history of early Virginia, American Slavery, American Freedom: Since the Indians were better woodsmen than the English and virtually impossible to track down, the method was to feign peaceful intentions, let them settle down and plant their com wherever they chose, and then, just before harvest, fall upon them, killing as many as possible and burning the corn.... I used money generated by Brave New World‘s new land and sea trade system – which can be a great way to earn cash and exert influence, especially if you’re willing to risk longer missions through dangerous territory – to purchase tourism-generating buildings such as hotels and airports rather than waiting for workers to build them.
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The childhood of the world: a simple account of man in early

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He could not have been concerned otherwise. In teams you will plan, collect data, submit a bid for the job (only the lowest bidding company will be awarded the job), create a scale drawing and model, and present a final report to the class. Other than Dennis and a few others, the FE field has generally been dominated by inventors and scientists who are stuck at those early stages (usually levels 6, 7, and 11 � few of them harbor Level 9 delusions, and they would usually love to be the focus of a Level 10 effort, if it made them rich and famous).� It was like the super heat pump �industry� when Dennis arrived on the scene .� The traditional solar industry also attacked Dennis when he sold the world�s best heating system.� Everybody saw Dennis as a threat, not only the energy oligarchy led by the GCs, but also �competitors� in the alternative energy field and those scientists and inventors who libeled Dennis .� In 2015, I cannot currently recommend anybody�s efforts in the FE field.� There are some worthy players in the milieu, some of whom know that they are risking their lives and have suffered organized suppression activities (including murder attempts), but their approach has never come close to working.� I will now survey some pitfalls that FE aspirants regularly fall into and why stumbling into them can be life-wrecking or fatal.
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Medievalia et Humanistica, No.17

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In the medieval period, after 1286, saw the invention of the mechanical clock and the watch with balance wheel and spring drive by 1500. Members of a subculture often signal their membership through a distinctive and symbolic use of style, which includes fashions, mannerisms, and argot. [13] Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture. He came to be interpreted as a symbol of suffering for one’s ideals, and he therefore was considered acceptable by both to conservative Muslims and progressive social critics. n order to answer whether or not there is an aesthetic, iconographic, or stylistic unity to the visually perceptible arts of Islamic peoples, it is first essential to realize that no ethnic or geographical entity was Muslim from the beginning.
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The History of Florence

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Great capitals like the major city center of Anyang had walls more than thirty feet high and sixty feet wide that took years and hundreds of workers to build (Rawson 1980). She gave me also to understand with some spirit that there was no question here of founding a family. Ever y Epochal Event was a new method that tapped a level of energy that was around an order of magnitude greater than the previous energy regime, and the world that it led to was unimaginable to those living immediately before the event.� Berating and judging almost the entirety of humanity because they cannot imagine a world based on FE would be like judging those australopiths before their �Tesla� invented the first stone tool .� Were all of those pre-stone-tool australopiths �stupid,� or was that Australo-Tesla brilliant?� For each Epochal Event, the trends that led to the event, when one pioneer, or a relative handful of them, achieved the social organization and technological prowess to tap the previously unexploited energy source, were evident in hindsight.� Although those achieving the feat were extraordinary for their time, they stood on the shoulders of their ancestors and enjoyed the benefits of the culture that allowed their invention to appear.� Those many arguments of denial that attend the introduction of the FE concept are normal, just like pre-fire protohumans reacting to the idea of a campfire with fear.� Not until those protohumans could see a tended fire with their own eyes could they begin to comprehend it and its soon-evident benefits.� Those who invented the new way were extraordinary for their time, not that those who could not see or imagine it were irredeemably stupid; they were simply trapped in the prevailing paradigm.� When the new energy regime appeared, everybody climbed aboard and their burgeoning sentience reached new levels, and they soon lived in a world that was previously unimaginable to everybody, even the inventor(s).
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The Hymns of Martin Luther

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From his standpoint, the "peace" that Europe had before the French Revolution was "restored" by the diplomacy of a few national leaders. Substitute pure thoughts for impure thoughts. Radio carbon dating, along with the comparison of artifacts and pottery has determined this date for the establishment of Harappa and other Indus cities. If you have the faculty to read the eyes of others, you can read the mind at once. I have heard of you from time to time, but I wonder what sort of person you are now.
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Philosophy and Civilization in the Middle Ages

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Ancient Egypt is no longer that mystery civilization, it once was. In the T'ang dynasty (618–907)—often called the golden age of Chinese history—painting, sculpture, and poetry flourished, and woodblock printing, which enabled the mass production of books, made its earliest known appearance. The Aztecs also had great wealth and power beacuse of tribute, a payment from conquered people, help them turn their capital into magnificent city. Han emperors and other noblemen adorned their tombs with replicas made through pottery of warriors, servants, concubines, toilets, furniture; everything they needed in the next world.
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Ridpath's Universal History: An Account of the Origin,

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Their elites built funerary monuments for themselves over a period extending from 4000 to 1000 BC." [sources: see Ray A. The Standard Model of particle physics is complex, but the preceding presentation is largely adequate for this essay�s purpose, while it can be helpful to be aware that the physics behind FE and antigravity technologies will probably render the Standard Model obsolete.� If FE, antigravity, and related technologies finally come in from the shadows, the elusive Unified Field may come with them, and the Unified Field might well be consciousness, which will help unite the scientist and the mystic, and that field may be divine in nature .� But that understanding is not necessary to relate the story that White Science tells today of how Earth developed from its initial state to today�s, when complex life is under siege by an ape that quickly spread across the planet like a cancer once it achieved the requisite intelligence, social organization, and technological prowess.
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