Category Archives: Medieval Thought

New Troy: Fantasies of Empire in the Late Middle Ages

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Humans gain experience through the senses and also through an interior divine illumination that culminates in mystical experience. Prophecy can be accompanied by frenzy and ecstasy, and it is here that Philo's mystical inclination comes to the fore. Also by the law of nations, the children born to Spaniards in America have the right to citizenship where they have been born (p. 281). Bellver, José, “’Al-Ghazali of al-Andalus’: Ibn Barrajan, Mahdism, and the Emergence of Learned Sufism on the Iberian Peninsula,” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 133.4 (2013): 659-81.
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Disguised and Overt Spinozism Around 1700: Papers Presented

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Für eine mögliche Vergleichung des Cusanus mit Valla kommt es gewiß darauf an, ob denn der Kirchenmann mit dem Kirchenkritiker auch in der Sprachkompetenz vergleichbar war. New York, NY: Routledge, 2013, xiv-186 pp., ISBN 9780415622004 & ebk 9780203631614 [deals also with Avicenna and Ibn Tufayl]. You should know that philosophy works very well as a double major or minor with any other area of study. Get updates as soon as they go live, via RSS feed, email and now Twitter!
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The Legacy Of Maimonides (1950)

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Readings will include texts by Stanley Cavell, Steven Darwall, Francis Kamm, Christine Korsgaard, Thomas Nagel, Christopher Peacocke and T. Here are the essays which might appear on the final exam. The only reaction it did not elicit was one of indifference. We reserve the right in our sole and absolute discretion to make changes from time to time and without notice in how we operate Streaming Service. Morality, he argues, is driven by custom.
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Medieval Philosophy and the Classical Tradition: In Islam,

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Consequently, the writings of medieval Scholasticism quite naturally lack the magic of personal immediacy, for schoolbooks leave little room for originality. We simply ignore the basic questions they raised and checkle to ourselves that they spent their time disputing about how many angels could dance on the head of a pin. These two forms of Chinese Buddhism co-existed with popular Taoist and Confucian religions until Confucianism--the religion of the upper classes--slowly absorbed the other religions into itself.
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Aristotle's Gradations of Being In Metaphysics E-Z

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These translations were made and copied because there was a public whose interest in Aristotle had been formed by the schools of the twelfth century, in which some works of Aristotle that had been translated earlier (part of the logica vetus, the “old logic”) were already objects of close study. Did Siger of Brabant and Boethius of Dacia, who have been called “Latin Averroists” and “radical Aristotelians,” really embrace a doctrine of “double truth”? I argue that, rather, perceptual representations are about their objects because they are their similitudes.
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Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus: Natural Theology in the

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Scotus is famous for disagreeing with Aquinas’ ideas regarding being as analogy. Avicenna’s writings on logic, mathematics, physics, and medicine remained influential for centuries. It is noteworthy that the language of rights, without which many people these days would not know how to talk about politics, did not come into political philosophy until the 14th century as a borrowing from the law.[ 29 ] A belief in “the one liberty of all men,” that is, the idea that human beings are basically equal and that slavery is contrary to natural law, though in accordance with the law of nations.[ 30 ] An account, or rather two accounts, of the origin of property: according to some Roman law texts, property originated by natural law; according to others by the law of nations.[ 31 ] According to the canon law, property exists by human law (which includes the law of nations and the civil law); compare Augustine's statement that property exists by the laws of the Emperors (§4.3 above).
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The Thirteenth-Century Notion of Signification: The

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Unlike modern philosophy, in its willingness to rest content with small truths definitively apprehended, medieval and late ancient philosophy is thought on a grand scale, dedicated to describing the essential nature of God, man, and the world, to arriving at ultimate truths. For the purposes of this study it does not always matter which particular kind of exorcism is being portrayed. Again, on the question of the oneness of substantial forms, there was a lack of agreement.
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An Outline of Philosophy With Notes Historical and Critical

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The keenest pleasures are physical or sensual rather than intellectual or moral, so the wise person will seek physical delights above all else. Logic also challenges skepticism, the view that true knowledge is impossible to obtain. Ficino founded a famous academy in Florence in direct immitation of Plato's School. 1. Auteurs et oeuvres, ed. by Dominique Urvoy with R. As a solution he advanced a reform of both method and content with the primary aim of creating a more simple theological system.
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Questions on the de Anima of Aristotle: By Magister Adam

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The result of this was a shift in power from the cathedral chapter to the scholars themselves. Perhaps it will have to be plowed before any progress can be made toward the audacious renaissance of Judaism called for by Scholem and Schweid, or maybe even before any progress can be made toward the "modest renaissance" called for by Rotenstreich. This program of acceptance and reconciliation of contradictions is known as the "Hegelian dialectic". During the Tang Dynasty, Buddhism from Nepal also became a prominent philosophical and religious discipline. (It should be noted that philosophy and religion were clearly distinguished in the West, whilst these concepts were more continuous in the East due to, for example, the philosophical concepts of Buddhism.) Neo-Confucianism is a philosophical movement that advocated a more rationalist and secular form of Confucianism by rejecting superstitious and mystical elements of Daoism and Buddhism that had influenced Confucianism during and after the Han Dynasty.
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An Exposition of the On the Hebdomads of Boethius (Thomas

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The philosophy of the Middle Ages is a curious mix of ancient thought -- including Platonism through Augustine, Aristotelianism as conveyed by the Arab philosophers Avicenna and Averroes, and Stoicism -- and Christian doctrine (derived from the Scriptures, early Church teaching, etc.). Yes, and for three reasons: firstly, because the preposition does enunciate something about the origin of things; secondly, because it does so without figure and fable; thirdly and lastly, because it contained, although only in the chrysalis state, the idea :everything is one. ..
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